Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 37(8), 1157 (2021).

Infrared Spectroscopy Based Study of Biochemical Changes in Saliva during Maximal Progressive Test in Athletes
Claudio A. G. A. VIEIRA,* Breno PUPIN,* Tanmoy T. BHATTACHARJEE,** and Kumiko K. SAKANE*
*Infrared Spectroscopy Laboratory, Research and Development Institute R&DI, University of Vale do Paraíba—Univap, Shishima Hifumi Avenue, 2911, 12244-000 São Jose dos Campos, São Paulo, Brazil
**Sir John Walsh Research Institute, University of Otago, 310 Great King St, North Dunedin, Dunedin 9016, New Zealand
This study aims to explore biochemical changes in saliva during cardiorespiratory exercise using attenuated-total-reflectance–Fourier-transform-infrared-spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR). Saliva and blood samples were obtained from six athletes at rest, and after running at speeds of 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, and 20 kilometers-per-hour (km/h) on a treadmill (maximal stress test). Saliva ATR-FTIR spectra were analyzed using deconvolution and multivariate analysis. Area-under-the-curve calculations suggest differential changes in glucose, lactate, protein, lipids, carbohydrate and phosphate content in saliva during the test. Increases in glucose and lactate levels with increasing speeds were verified by simultaneous measurement of blood glucose and lactate levels using standard equipment (Roche®). Multivariate principal-component-analysis (PCA) showed discrete clusters for low (rest-14 km/h) and high (15 – 20 km/h) speeds, and PCA–linear-discriminant-analysis showed 100% classification of 18 – 20 km/h as high speed. Overall, results suggest the possibility of using this non-invasive saliva-based ATR-FTIR method for biochemical assessment during sports exercise and stress tests.