Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 37(5), 727 (2021).

Bead-based Padlock Rolling Circle Amplification under Molecular Crowding Conditions: The Effects of Crowder Charge and Size
Naoki SASAKI,* Chikako KASE,** and Kae SATO**
*Department of Chemistry, College of Science, Rikkyo University, 3-34-1 Nishi-Ikebukuro, Toshima, Tokyo 171-8501, Japan
**Department of Chemical and Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, Japan Women’s University, 2-8-1 Mejirodai, Bunkyo, Tokyo 112-8681, Japan
Bead-based padlock rolling circle amplification under molecular crowding conditions, which we have developed for ultrasensitive detection of DNA, is examined to improve the detection efficiency and sensitivity of the method as well as to gain insight into the mechanism of the method. Both non-magnetic and magnetic sepharose microbeads were employed. Biotinylated DNA had to be pre-immobilized onto the microbeads in order to obtain products on the magnetic beads. The optimal concentration of biotinylated DNA was found to be about 5 μM, above which the number of products decreased. The effect of the crowder charge was examined, and neutral polymers were found to be effective on ligation and the hybridization step, while charged polymers were only effective on the hybridization step and inhibited the ligation and primer extension. The effect of the molecular weight of neutral dextran on the number of products was investigated, and the number of products was found to be increased with an increase in the molecular weight of dextran.