Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 37(4), 593 (2021).

Simple Moment Analysis for a Kinetic Study of the Chromatographic Behavior of Spherical Particles and Silica Monoliths
Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Rikkyo University, 3341 NishiIkebukuro, Toshima, Tokyo 171-8501, Japan
A simple procedure of moment analysis was proposed for a kinetic study of the rate processes in the columns packed with full-porous spherical particles and silica monoliths. Previous chromatographic data measured in reversed-phase HPLC systems using Mightysil and Chromolith columns were analyzed by a simple moment analysis. The surface of the packing materials is chemically modified with octadecyl alkyl ligands. A mixture of methanol and water (80/20, v/v) and alkylbenzene homologous series (C6H5CnH2n+1, n = 0 – 7) were used as the mobile-phase solvent and sample probes, respectively. More detailed information about the experimental conditions is provided in Supporting Information. The values of the intra-stationary phase diffusivity (De) and the surface diffusion coefficient (Ds), derived by the simple moment analysis, were almost the same as those by the conventional moment analysis. The simple moment analysis is effective for quantitative studies of mass transfer in chromatographic systems. The previous chromatographic data were also analyzed by assuming external porosity (εe) as typical values, i.e., 0.40 for spherical particles and 0.70 for silica monoliths. The resulting values of De and Ds were of the same order of magnitude as those derived by using εe experimentally measured. Even if εe is assumed to be typical values, the simple moment analysis is effective for preliminary studies of the mass-transfer kinetics in the columns.