Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 37(3), 491 (2021).

Analysis of Thickness and Roughness Effects of Artificial Basement Membranes on Endothelial Cell Functions
Jinfeng ZENG and Michiya MATSUSAKI
Department of Applied Chemistry, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, 2-1 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan
Various cells and tissues are highly organized in vivo by basement membranes (BMs) and thus promising artificial BMs (A-BMs) constructed by electrospinning and layer-by-layer (LbL) assembly have recently attracted much attention in the tissue engineering field. However, control of cell adhesion, morphology, and migration of the attached cells on the A-BMs has not been reported yet. In this study, we investigated both thickness and roughness-dependent effects of A-BMs on the functions of endothelial cells (ECs), which resulted from different assembly concentrations. The results indicated that the roughness of A-BMs increased gradually with the increase of nanofilm thickness. EC adhesion, spreading and proliferation were inhibited on thicker A-BM surfaces with larger roughness, while interendothelial junctions and the barrier effect of confluent EC monolayers on thicker A-BM surfaces were compensated by increasing seeding cell number and expanding culture time. Our study highlights the influence of LbL assembly conditions on endothelial functions, which offers a new criterion for the design of A-BMs in well-organized 3D tissues.