Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 37(1), 93 (2021).

Milestone Studies on Ion-exclusion Chromatography of Ionic and Nonionic Substances Utilizing Multifunctional Separation Mechanism of Ion-exchange Resins
Kazuhiko TANAKA* and Masanobu MORI**
*Formerly Professor in Graduate School of International Development and Cooperation, Hiroshima University, Japan
**Faculty of Science and Technology, Kochi University, 2-5-1 Akebono-cho, Kochi 780-8520, Japan
Ion-exclusion chromatography (IEC) is categorized as a type of ion chromatography and is recognized as a simple and convenient water quality monitoring technology for a variety of ionic and nonionic substances. This review, mainly focusing on historical milestone studies by various authors, outlines the archives that concern the separation sciences and practical applications obtained from a variety of IEC modes used for water-quality monitoring as follows: (1) early-developed IEC; (2) IEC using enhanced conductivity detection for weak ionic substance; (3) IEC using nonionic substances eluents such as sugars or polyols; (4) vacancy IEC based on a novel separation concept; (5) applications to the water quality monitoring of inorganic ionic-nutrients; (6) simultaneous IEC and cation-exchange chromatography of anions and cations; and (7) the multicomponent IEC combining different separation modes and detection methods with the expansion of applicable fields, such as for food analysis or material evaluations.