Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 36(8), 923 (2020).

Pattern-recognition-based Sensor Arrays for Cell Characterization: From Materials and Data Analyses to Biomedical Applications
Hiroka SUGAI,* Shunsuke TOMITA,*,** and Ryoji KURITA*,**,***
*Biomedical Research Institute, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), 1-1-1 Higashi, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8566, Japan
**DAILAB, DBT-AIST International Center for Translational and Environmental Research (DAICENTER), National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science & Technology (AIST), Central 5-41, 1-1-1 Higashi, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8565, Japan
***Faculty of Pure and Applied Sciences, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1 Tennodai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8573, Japan
To capture a broader scope of complex biological phenomena, alternatives to conventional sensing based on specificity for cell detection and characterization are needed. Pattern-recognition-based sensing is an analytical method designed to mimic mammalian sensory systems for analyte identification based on the pattern recognition of multivariate data, which are generated using an array of multiple probes that cross-reactively interact with analytes. This sensing approach is significantly different from conventional specific cell sensing based on highly specific probes, including antibodies against biomarkers. Encouraged by the advantages of this technique, such as the simplicity, rapidity, and tunability of the systems without requiring a priori knowledge of biomarkers, numerous sensor arrays have been developed over the past decade and used in a variety of cell sensing applications; these include disease diagnosis, drug discovery, and fundamental research. This review summarizes recent progress in pattern-recognition-based cell sensing, with a particular focus on guidelines for designing materials and arrays, techniques for analyzing response patterns, and applications of sensor systems that are focused primarily for the biomedical field.