Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 36(7), 865 (2020).

Nondestructive Evaluations of Melanin-related Compounds in the Skin Using Electron Paramagnetic Resonance and Permeability Measurements
Kouichi NAKAGAWA,* Satoko MINAKAWA,** and Daisuke SAWAMURA**
*Division of Regional Innovation, Graduate School of Health Sciences, Hirosaki University, 66-1 Hon-cho, Hirosaki 036-8564, Japan
**Department of Dermatology, Graduate School of Medicine, Hirosaki University, 5 Zaifu-cho, Hirosaki 036-8562, Japan
Melanin-related compounds in paraffin-embedded tissue specimens of basal cell carcinoma (BCC), seborrheic keratosis (SK), malignant melanoma (MM), and nevus pigmentosus (NP) were nondestructively investigated using permeability measurements (light penetration into pigmented lesion), X-band (9.4 GHz) electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR), and EPR imaging (EPRI). The paramagnetic species in BCC, SK, MM, and NP specimens were analyzed using intensity, linewidth, spectral pattern, and X-band EPRI. The EPR spectra of BCC, SK, and NP showed a single line pattern. The EPR signal intensities of the BCC, SK, and NP samples corresponded to the permeability values that are directly related to pigment color tone, except for MM. The correlation coefficient between EPR and permeability was supported by the high degree of linear relation in the range. We further analyzed MM and speculated that MM contains an additional signal of the pheomelanin radical. In MM and NP samples, two-dimensional (2D) EPRI revealed paramagnetic species distribution and different magnitudes. The paramagnetic (radical) species are directly related to the pigmented lesion site. To conclude, spectroscopic analyses suggest that pheomelanin-related compounds may exist in malignant melanoma.