Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 36(5), 637 (2020).

Determination of Trace Elements in Aerosols at a Rural Mountainous Area and a Local City of Eastern Shikoku Region, Japan
Yuhei YAMAMOTO,* Yosuke SANAGAWA,** and Shoji IMAI*
*Division of Chemistry, Institute of Natural Science, Graduate School of Technology, Industrial and Social Sciences, Tokushima University, 2-1 Minamijosanjima, Tokushima 770-8506, Japan
**Department of Chemistry, Graduate School of Integrated Arts and Sciences, The University of Tokushima, 1-1 Minamijosanjima, Tokushima 770-8502, Japan
A simple digestion method for a mixed cellulose membrane filter in order to analyze trace elements in aerosols was examined. The determination of Cu, Fe and Ni in the certified reference materials of China loess (CJ-1) could be conducted using the digestion method. Trace elements in aerosols smaller than 10 μm size collected at Tokushima City and near mountain areas for each season were determined as a water-soluble fraction and all components by the digestion method. Back trajectory analysis implied that the contribution from the Asian continent was larger in the winter and spring than the summer. Systematic changes in the trace element compositions for each season were not observed, except for Fe, Th and U. Water-soluble components in aerosols at Tokushima City showed higher concentrations of all trace elements than those of the mountain areas. For aerosols in Tokushima City and near to the mountain areas, As, Bi, Cd, Cu and Pb were mainly derived from anthropogenic sources, whereas Ba, Co, Cs, Ga, Mn, Rb, Sr, Th, U and V were derived from natural crustal sources. The origin of Pb and Cd was considered based on the Pb/Cd ratio.