Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 36(5), 545 (2020).

Mechanism of the Elution of Iron from a Slag-Compost Fertilizer for Restoring Seaweed Beds in Coastal Areas—Characteristic Changes of Steelmaking Slag and Humic Acids Derived from the Fertilizer during the Elution Process
Mitsuo YAMAMOTO,*1 Hisanori IWAI,*2 Motoyuki MATSUO,*3 Dan LIU,*4 and Masami FUKUSHIMA*5
*1 Department of Global Agricultural Sciences, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, 1-1-1 Yayoi, Bunkyo, Tokyo 113-8657, Japan
*2 Low Level Radioactivity Laboratory, Institute of Nature and Environmental Technology, Kanazawa University, 24 O, Wake, Nomi, Ishikawa 923-1224, Japan
*3 Department of Multidisciplinary Sciences, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, The University of Tokyo, 3-8-1 Komaba, Meguro, Tokyo 153-8902, Japan
*4 Department of Creative Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Ariake College, 150 Higashihagiomachi, Omuta, Fukuoka 836-8585, Japan
*5 Division of Sustainable Resources Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-8628, Japan
The characteristic changes in steelmaking slag and humic acids (HAs) derived from a slag-compost fertilizer and their relation to the elution of Fe were evaluated in tank tests in Mashike, Hokkaido and Tsushima, Nagasaki. Analyses of iron, nitrogen and phosphate in the eluate, changes in the chemical states on the surface of the steelmaking slag, and the macro-structural features of the isolated HAs were investigated during the test. Temporal changes in Fe concentrations in the tanks were consistent with data collected in previous studies. Analyses of the surface by 57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy showed that the concentration of Fe2+ in the fertilizer decreased and the ratio of Fe3+ increased, indicating that Fe2+ was preferentially eluted from the slag surface. The yields of HAs were significantly decreased during the test when steelmaking slag was mixed with compost. Changes in the UV-vis absorptivities indicated that de-aromatization had occurred. These results indicate that microorganisms that were present under these experimental conditions became activated by the mixing of compost with steelmaking slag, and are closely related to the continuous elution of Fe. The residual Fe in the fertilizer after the tests was investigated by analyzing seawater and the levels of extractable Fe. The trends for extractable Fe concentrations were consistent with the results obtained by 57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy and UV-vis spectra.