Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 36(3), 341 (2020).

Direct Detection of Lysozyme in Viscous Raw Hen Egg White Binding to Sodium Dodecyl Sulfonate by Reactive Wooden-tip Electrospray Ionization Mass Spectrometry
Lin WU,* Ya-Nan YAO,* Zi-Cheng YUAN,* Dandan DI,* Lei LI,*,** and Bin HU*
*Institute of Mass Spectrometry and Atmospheric Environment, Guangdong Provincial Engineering Research Center for On-line Source Apportionment System of Air Pollution, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632, China
**Guangzhou Hexin Instrument Co., Ltd., Guangzhou 510530, China
Direct characterization of native protein binding to ligands in raw biological samples is a challenging task, because the ligand solution might induce proteins to aggregation, flocculation and denaturation. In this work, we developed a reactive wooden-tip electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) for formation and characterization of protein-ligand complexes upon rapid mixing in electrospray droplets. Raw viscous hen egg white (HEW) was directly loaded onto a wooden tip to induce spray ionization, and sodium dodecyl sulfonate (SDS) solution was directly loaded into the HEW spray by a pipette tip, and thus lysozyme-DS complexes were then formed in the electrospray droplets and were detected subsequently by mass spectrometry. The new approach was successfully applied to investigate interaction of SDS and native lysozyme in electrospray droplets of standard solution and raw egg white. Our results showed that wooden-tip ESI-MS is a promising method to form and characterize protein-ligand complexes.