Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 36(2), 193 (2020).

A Membrane-based Disposable Well-Plate for Cyanide Detection Incorporating a Fluorescent Chitosan-CdTe Quantum Dot
Sumate PENGPUMKIAT, Yuanyuan WU, Saichon SUMANTAKUL, and Vincent T. REMCHO
Department of Chemistry, Oregon State University, 153 Gilbert Hall, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA
A novel approach to building a membrane-based disposable well-plate, here applied to cyanide detection, is described. Chitosan encapsulated CdTe quantum dots with a maximum emission at 520 nm (CS-QD520) were used as fluorophores. The CS-QD520 nanoparticle was specifically quenched by copper(II), and the quenched CS-QD520 (Cu-CS-QD520) was deposited onto a glass microfiber filter (GF/B). Subsequent introduction of cyanide ion resulted in fluorescence recovery. The “signal-ON” fluorescence linearly correlated to cyanide concentrations in the range of 38.7 to 200 μM with a limit of detection of 11.6 μM. The assay was incorporated into a membrane-based well-plate format to enhance sample throughput. A three-layer paper/glass microfiber well plate design was cut using a laser cutter and assembled using a polycaprolactone (PCL) as a bonding agent in a low-cost laminator. The experimental conditions were optimized and applied to detect cyanide in drinking water with rapid, high-throughput, low-cost analysis.