Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 35(9), 1003 (2019).

Ionic Liquid Chelate Extraction Behavior of Trivalent Group 13 Metals into 1-Alkyl-3-methylimidazolium Bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imides Using 8-Quinolinol as Chelating Extractant
Ayano EGUCHI, Kotaro MORITA, and Naoki HIRAYAMA
Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Toho University, 2-2-1 Miyama, Funabashi 274-8510, Japan
Ionic liquid (IL) chelate extraction behavior of trivalent Group 13 metals including aluminum(III), gallium(III) and indium(III) with 8-quinolinol (HQ) was investigated using three 1-alkyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide (CnmimTf2N, n = 2, 4 and 8) ILs. Although the three extraction systems showed similar extraction selectivity among the metals, the extractability order for the metals among the extraction systems was C8mimTf2N > C4mimTf2N > C2mimTf2N, which was the same as the order of hydrophobicity in the IL cation. Only the neutral 1:3 complex species was extracted in use of more-hydrophobic C8mimTf2N, whereas use of less-hydrophobic C4mimTf2N and C2mimTf2N resulted in competitive extraction of neutral 1:3 and cationic 1:2 complexes. For each of the metals, in addition, similar extraction constants were obtained in these three extraction systems.