Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 35(7), 739 (2019).

Determination of Phosphate in Human Serum with Zirconium/Reduced Graphene Oxide Modified Electrode
Department of Chemistry, Payame Noor University, PO Box 19395-3697, Tehran, Iran
An electrochemical phosphate sensor based on zirconium and reduced graphene oxide modified pencil graphite electrode (Zr/rGO-PGE) is proposed. The XRD, CV and EIS confirmed that GO was partially reduced on the PGE. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) exhibited the layered and wrinkled structures for the rGO-PGE and Zr/rGO-PGE, respectively. Cyclic voltammetry showed the immobilized rGO was highly stable and had high activity toward zirconium adsorption. The prepared electrode was used for the electrochemical determination of phosphate. Based on the optimum condition using differential pulse voltammetry, the limit of detection and sensitivity for phosphate was obtained as [0.011(± 0.004) μM] (S/N = 3) and [622.4(± 9.6) μA μM−1 cm−2], respectively. The sensor was successfully evaluated for phosphate determination in human serum samples. In practical terms, the construction of this sensor was exceptionally simple, fast, cost effective and reproducible.