Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 35(6), 665 (2019).

Influence of Land Use on the Structural Feature of Sedimentary Humic Acids in Rivers in Northwest Hokkaido, Japan
Hisanori IWAI* and Mitsuo YAMAMOTO**
*Department of Marine System Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka Prefecture University, Sakai, Osaka 599-8531, Japan
**Ocean Alliance, The University of Tokyo, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8564, Japan
Colloidal organic matter is an important factor in our understanding of the transport of trace metals by rivers to coastal areas and the characteristics of organic matter in the sediment, including the effect of humic substances on the transport of such metals. The structural features of humic acids (HAs) derived from surface sediments collected from the mouths of four rivers in northwest Hokkaido, Japan, were evaluated from the perspective of land use in their basins. The sediments in two rivers (referred to as NS and SK) were lacking in HAs, but the sediments of the others (referred to as SM and PO) contained relatively high levels of HAs. UV-vis spectroscopic characteristics suggested that the HAs in SM and PO contained components derived from humified materials. The PO and SM basins contain rice paddy fields, and TMAH-py-GC/MS analysis showed that the pyrograms of paddy soil HA had a similar character to those of PO-HA and SM-HA samples. Thus, the differences of the structural features can be attributed to the land use in river basins. The findings indicate that the properties of organic river sediments are heavily influenced by the type of land use in the river basins.