Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 35(4), 413 (2019).

Phosphomethylated Polyethyleneimine-immobilized Chelating Resin: Role of Phosphomethylation Rate on Solid-Phase Extraction of Trace Elements
Shigehiro KAGAYA, Ryo IKEDA, Takehiro KAJIWARA, Makoto GEMMEI-IDE, and Yoshinori INOUE
Graduate School of Science and Engineering for Research, University of Toyama, Toyama 930-8555, Japan
Chelating resins immobilizing phosphomethylated polyethyleneimine (PM-PEI) with different phosphomethylation (PM) rates were prepared by using different amounts of both phosphonic acid and paraformaldehyde in the phosphomethylation of PEI immobilized on a methacrylate resin as a base resin. The extraction of many elements improved with increasing PM rate; REEs, Be, Fe, Mo, Ti, and V were quantitatively extracted at pH 2. The elution of the elements tended to become difficult with increasing PM rate. When a PM-PEI resin with a PM rate of 0.26 was used, REEs and Be could be eluted using 0.2 mol L−1 EDTA solution adjusted to a pH of 7 and 3 mol L−1 nitric acid, respectively, although the elution of Fe, Mo, Ti, and V was insufficient. The PM-PEI resin could be reused at least 10 times to recover REEs and Be without the influence of any other elements. The PM-PEI resin could be applied to a recovery test using artificial seawater spiked with REEs, except for Sc, Tm, Yb, and Lu, and the separation of the REEs in NIST SRM 1515 Apple Leaves.