Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 35(12), 1347 (2019).

Unexpected Aldehyde Generation in the Exhaust Gas at Waste Incineration Facilities
Xue CHU,*1,*2 Yasuro FUSE,*1,*3 Takato SASAKI,*1 Ichiro AIZAWA,*4 Masahiro OGUCHI,*5 and Yuichi MIYAKE*6
*1 Graduate School of Science and Technology, Kyoto Institute of Technology, Matsugasaki, Gosyokaidocho, Sakyo, Kyoto 606-8585, Japan
*2 Shimadzu Corporation, 1 Kuwabara-cho, Nishinokyo, Nakagyo, Kyoto 604-8511, Japan
*3 Center for Environmental Science, Kyoto Institute of Technology, Matsugasaki, Gosyokaidocho, Sakyo, Kyoto 606-8585, Japan
*4 IZAK Co. Ltd., 1181 Daikaijino-cho, Uozu, Toyama 937-0816, Japan
*5 Center for Material Cycles and Waste Management Research, National Institute for Environmental Studies, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8506, Japan
*6 Graduate Division of Nutritional and Environmental Science, University of Shizuoka, Shizuoka 422-8526, Japan
Acid gases generated during the thermal treatment of waste are neutralized using devices, such as bag filters coated with slaked lime. However, residual trace organic substances can react with the highly reactive slaked lime. This study investigates the dynamics of organic substances generated in the bag filter when slaked lime is used in the exhaust gas treatment process. The mechanism of aldehyde generation was clarified using head space gas chromatography mass spectrometer (HS-GC/MS). Results indicated that methanol was converted to formaldehyde at a conversion ratio of 0.097% and ethanol was converted to acetaldehyde at a conversion ratio of 0.260%. In addition, when amines used as emulsifiers during slaked lime production persisted in the matrix, acetaldehyde formed at a maximum concentration of 121 mg/m3. The simulation method developed in this study can be used for the initial evaluation of aldehydes unexpectedly produced in an incineration treatment facility.