Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 35(11), 1279 (2019).

Phase Separation and Collection of Annular Flow by Phase Transformation
Aya YOSHIOKA,* Kazuhiko TSUKAGOSHI,* Katsumi TSUCHIYA,* Ken HIROTA,* Kenichi YAMASHITA,** and Masaharu MURATA***
*Applied Chemistry, Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Doshisha University, Kyotanabe, Kyoto 610-0321, Japan
**Advanced Manufacturing Research Institute, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), 807-1 Shuku-machi, Tosu, Saga 841-0052, Japan
***Department of Advanced Medical Initiatives, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, 3-1-1 Maidashi, Higashi, Fukuoka 812-8582, Japan
A polyethylene glycol/citrate mixed solution was fed into a single channel of a Y-type micro-channel on a microchip as an aqueous two-phase system. A phase separation multi-phase flow with a liquid–liquid interface was generated due to a phase transformation. An annular flow, one of the flow types in the phase separation multi-phase flow, was observed through bright-field microscopy. The flow consisted of citrate-rich inner and polyethylene glycol-rich outer phases. We attempted to separate and collect the two phases in the single channel into two separate Y-type channels. When the pressure losses for the separated channels were not very different, we observed symmetric flow in the Y-type channel. When the pressure losses were quite different, the polyethylene glycol-rich phase with higher viscosity was selectively distributed to the separated channel with lower pressure loss. Thus, the polyethylene glycol-rich phase was successfully and intentionally collected from the chosen Y-type channel via the creation of annular flow in the single channel.