Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 34(8), 947 (2018).

Effect of ε-Poly-L-lysine on a Glucose Sensor Based on Glucose Oxidase and Ferricyanide Ion
Kohei UEMATSU, Takaaki UENO, and Hajime KATANO
Department of Bioscience, Fukui Prefectural University, Eiheiji, Fukui 910-1195, Japan
ε-Poly-L-lysine (εPL) is a homopolymer of L-lysine residues with linkages between the α-carboxyl and ε-amino groups. εPL exists as a polycationic species under acidic and neutral conditions, and can form a polyion complex with negatively charged glucose oxidase (GOx). We previously reported that εPL significantly promoted a GOx enzymatic reaction using ferricyanide ion ([Fe(CN)6]3−) as the oxidant. Here, we construct a GOx-immobilized electrode using εPL and glutaraldehyde, and show that [Fe(CN)6]3− can efficiently act as the mediator in this electrode. Ferricyanide ion failed to function adequately as the mediator when bovine serum albumin or other polyamines (e.g., polyallylamine, α-poly-L-lysine) were used instead of εPL. The GOx-immobilized electrode using εPL successfully responded to glucose even when the [Fe(CN)6]3− concentration was as low as 1 mM, and exhibited a wide dynamic range of up to several tens of mM. Thus, εPL is considered to be a useful additive for glucose sensors based on the [Fe(CN)6]4−/3−-mediated GOx catalytic current.