Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 34(4), 421 (2018).

Determination of Anthracene in Water Samples by ELISA Using AhR Binding
Yanfeng LV, Xiaoxiang ZHAO, Lian YANG, Xian ZHANG, and Yujie BAI
College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Donghua University, Ren Min North Road 2999, Songjiang District, 201620, Shanghai, China
The degradation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) can generate AhR-binding compounds, exhibiting genotoxicity and carcinogenicity. In this investigation, aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) from carp and anthracene (Ant) were coupled as antigen to establish an indirect competition ELISA (ic-ELISA) with an AhR-Ant antibody. A standard curve was determined for the ic-ELISA concerning detection range and limit. Also, the specificity, stability and the recovery of the ic-ELISA were checked. Results indicate that the ratio of antibody to antigen titer is 1:64000. The resulting standard curve is Y = 21.326 × X + 1.8213. The detection range lies within 10 – 1000 ng mL−1 and the limiting concentration is 2.43 ng mL−1. The cross reaction ratio (CR) between Ant and naphthalene (Nap), Ant and phenanthrene (Phe) or Ant and fluoranthene (Flu) were 5.7, 19.1 and less than 0.1%, respectively. The range of the coefficient of variance (C.V) amounts was from 4.2 up to 9.5% and the recovery range was from 90 to 115%. These results show that the AhR-Ant ic-ELISA is sensitive, and can be used as a technical support to quantify Ant in the environment.