Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 34(2), 155 (2018).

Electrochemical Determination of Chromium(VI) in River Water with Gold Nanoparticles–Graphene Nanocomposites Modified Electrodes
Trisna K. SARI,* Fumiki TAKAHASHI,* Jiye JIN,* Rahmiana ZEIN,** and Edison MUNAF**
*Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Shinshu University, 3-1-1 Asahi, Matsumoto, Nagano 390-8621, Japan
**Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science, Andalas University, Padang 25163, Indonesia
In this study, nanocomposites of ligand-free gold nanoparticles that are anchored onto the graphene surface (Graphene/AuNPs) were synthesized by a sonochemical method in a single reaction step. A highly sensitive amperometric sensor using Graphene/AuNPs is proposed for the determination of trace hexavalent chromium Cr(VI) in environmental water samples. Compared with a gold electrode, a glassy carbon electrode and a AuNPs modified glassy carbon electrode, the Graphene/AuNPs modified glassy carbon electrode exhibits the highest electrocatalytic activity and stability towards the reduction of Cr(VI), based on the results by cyclic voltammetry and electrochemical AC impedance studies. This study shows that the Graphene/AuNPs-based sensor can detect Cr(VI) with a low detection limit of 10 nM (∼0.5 μg/L), a wide dynamic range of 0 to 20 μM (R = 0.999) and very good selectivity and reproducibility. The electrode is applied to the determination of Cr(VI) in river samples with satisfactory recovery values.