Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 34(10), 1163 (2018).

Surface Functionalized Prussian Blue-coated Nanostructured Nickel Oxide as a New Biosensor Platform for Catechol Detection
Appan ROYCHOUDHURY,*,** Suddhasatwa BASU,*** and Sandeep Kumar JHA*,**
*Centre for Biomedical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, Hauz Khas, New Delhi 110016, India
**Department of Biomedical Engineering, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi 110029, India
***Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, Hauz Khas, New Delhi 110016, India
An amperometric biosensor has been developed for highly efficient and sensitive detection of catechol using Prussian blue (PB)-coated nickel oxide (NiO) nanoparticles (NPs) as a matrix for the immobilization of tyrosinase enzyme. The NiO NPs were synthesized by sol-gel method using sodium dodecyl sulphate as anionic surfactant and the surface of the synthesized NiO NPs was modified with PB to enhance electrocatalytic activity and to prevent surface aggregation. After confirmation of successful synthesis of the PB-NiO NPs from transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopic (EDS) studies, the prepared NPs were deposited onto a working electrode of a commercially available screen printed carbon electrode (SPCE) substrate. The tyrosinase enzyme was covalently immobilized onto the PB-NiO deposited SPCE for selective detection and estimation of catechol through electrochemical methods via cyclic voltammetry (CV) and chronoamperometric techniques. The functionalization of tyrosinase on the electrode surface was verified by atomic force microscopy (AFM) and scanning electron microscopic (SEM) techniques and the electrochemical response studies of the proposed biosensor showed high sensitivity of 0.954 μA/μM for catechol in a wide linear range (1 – 50 μM) with low detection limit (LOD) of 0.087 μM. The developed sensor also exhibited a fast response time of 27 s and decent selectivity for catechol detection.