Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 33(4), 531 (2017).

Quantitative and Single-step Enzyme Immunosensing Based on an Electrochemical Detection Coupled with Lateral-flow System
Kohei TOMINAGA,* Satoshi ARIMOTO,** Ken SHIMONO,** Toshihiko YOSHIOKA,** Fumio MIZUTANI,* and Tomoyuki YASUKAWA*
*Graduate School of Material Science, University of Hyogo, 3-2-1 Kouto, Kamigori, Ako, Hyogo 678-1297, Japan
**Bio Research Department, Device Research Laboratory, Advanced Research Division, Panasonic Corporation, Kyoto 619-0237, Japan
A single-step electrochemical immunochromatography has been developed: the device was based on two pieces of nitrocellulose membrane, a sample pad with anti-mouse IgG antibody labeled with glucose oxidase (GOx-labeled antibody), a conjugate pad with glucose, and a Pt working electrode. Either antibody or antigen was immobilized on the membrane. The addition of a solution containing mouse IgG, a model target, allows for the dissolution of GOx-labeled antibody in the sample pad to form an immunocomplex. The produced immunocomplex was automatically separated by capturing to the antibody immobilized on the membrane with the sandwich structure or by passing through the membrane modified with an antigen for the competitive reaction. The separated GOx label arrived at the conjugate pad with glucose to undergo the enzyme reaction. Hydrogen peroxide generated by this reaction was detected at the Pt electrode prepared on the second nitrocellulose membrane downstream from the conjugate pad. The results demonstrated that the designed immunochromatography can be applied to quantitative detection with a single-step procedure, because both the GOx-labeled antibody for revealing the immunoreactions and the substrate for the enzyme reaction were prepared in the device. Moreover, the initial concentration of the GOx-labeled antibody permitted control of the detectable concentration for mouse IgG.