Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 33(2), 229 (2017).

Investigation of 1-Dodecylimidazolium Modified Filter Papers as a Thin-Film Microextraction Phase for the Preconcentration of Bisphenol A from Plant Oil Samples
Cunling YE,* Chang LIU,* Shen WANG,* and Zhike WANG**
*School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Henan Normal University, Xinxiang, Henan 453007, P. R. China
**School of Environment, Henan Key Laboratory for Environmental Pollution Control, Key Laboratory for Yellow River and Huai River Water Environment and Pollution Control, Ministry of Education, Henan Normal University, Xinxiang, Henan 453007, P. R. China
Based on the tunability of ionic liquids (ILs) according to the specific requirement of an application, 1-dodecylimidazolium chloride with amphiphilic structures was chemically fabricated on the surface of filter papers (DIL-FPs) for the first time. After synthesis, DIL-FPs was characterized by scanning electronic microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy. DIL-FPs was used as a novel thin-film microextraction (TFME) phase for the preconcentration of amphiphilic bisphenol A from plant oil samples. The related extraction variables were studied in a spiked sunflower seed oil. Under the optimal conditions, the linear range was 5.0 – 1000 μg L−1 with a correlation coefficient of 0.9976. The limit of detection (S/N = 3) and the enrichment factor of the proposed method were 2.7 μg L−1 and 118, respectively. The intra-day precision and inter-day precision for six repeated determinations were 2.3 and 4.9%, respectively. These plant oil samples used in this work were free of bisphenol A contaminations. The recovery study carried out in different plant oil samples and mean recoveries ranged from 77.16 to 97.10%. The developed DIL-FPs extraction film phase followed by HPLC-UV provides a potential pretreatment strategy for the analysis of weak organic acid compounds in plant oil samples.