Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 33(1), 35 (2017).

Effect of Casting Solvent on Interfacial Molecular Structure and Proton Transport Characteristics of Sulfonated Polyimide Thin Films
Yuki NAGAO,* Karthik KRISHNAN,* Ryosuke GOTO,** Mitsuo HARA,** and Shusaku NAGANO***
*School of Materials Science, Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, 1-1 Asahidai, Nomi, Ishikawa 923-1292, Japan
**Department of Molecular Design & Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa, Nagoya 464-8603, Japan
***Nagoya University Venture Business Laboratory, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa, Nagoya 464-8603, Japan
Two sulfonated polyimide (SPI) thin films were prepared with water and THF/water mixed solvents, respectively. The SPI thin film prepared with THF/water showed more than 5 times higher proton conductivity than that prepared with water mixed solvent at low relative humidity (RH) and 298 K. In this study, polarized optical microscopy (POM), grazing incidence small angle X-ray scattering (GISAXS), and p-polarized multiple angle incidence resolution spectrometry (pMAIRS) were carried out to investigate liquid crystalline (LC) optical ordered structure, organized structure, and molecular orientation. The molecular ordered parts using LC properties in the SPI thin films exhibited an almost identical structure under the low RH condition. On the other hand, the molecular orientation of the imide C=O groups in the non-ordered parts, which could not be detected by POM and GISAXS, showed different angles. The proton conductivity under low RH conditions is affected by the degree of the molecular orientation in the non-ordered parts of the SPI thin films.