Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 32(3), 355 (2016).

Impedance Analysis of Colloidal Gold Nanoparticles in Chromatography Paper for Quantitation of an Immunochromatographic Assay
Fumitaka HORI, Yuji HARADA, Tatsumi KURETAKE, and Shigeyasu UNO
Department of Electrical Systems, Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Ritsumeikan University, 1-1-1 Nojihigashi, Kusatsu, Shiga 525-8577, Japan
A detection method of gold nanoparticles in chromatography paper has been developed for a simple, cost-effective and reliable quantitation of immunochromatographic strip test. The time courses of the solution resistance in chromatography paper with the gold nanoparticles solution are electrochemically measured by chrono-impedimetry. The dependence of the solution resistance on the concentration of gold nanoparticles has been successfully observed. The main factor to increase the solution resistance may be obstruction of the ion transport due to the presence of gold nanoparticles. The existence of gold nanoparticles with 1.92 × 109 particles/mL in an indistinctly-colored chromatography paper is also identified by a solution resistance measurement. This indicates that the solution resistance assay has the potential to lower the detection limit of the conventional qualitative assay.