Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 32(2), 201 (2016).

Structure-matched Phthalocyanine Ion Pair as a Red-emitting Fluorescent Optical Probe for the Analysis of Sodium Dodecylbenzenesulfonate with High Specificity and Sensitivity
Fei YU,*,** Menglin GUO,* Yabin DENG,* Yin LU,* Lin CHEN,* Ping HUANG,* and Donghui LI*
*Cancer Research Center, Medical College, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, China
**College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, China
We have found that a positively charged cationic copper phthalocyanine, Alcian blue (Alcian blue 8GX), can efficiently quench the fluorescence of an oppositely charged red fluorescent phthalocyanine compound with a matched molecular structure, tetrasulfonated aluminum phthalocyanine (AlS4Pc), because of the formation of an ion pair complex (AlS4Pc-Alcian blue 8GX) that exhibits almost no fluorescence. An investigation was carried out on the fluorescence recovery of AlS4Pc-Alcian blue 8GX caused by a series of anionic surfactants containing a sulfonic group (sodium dodecylbenzenesulfonate (SDBS), sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS), and sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS)). The results showed that SDBS exhibited a significant response, and the highest sensitivity among the surfactants. Due to its high efficiency of fluorescence quenching and the high level of fluorescence recovery, direct observes can even be performed by the naked eye. The results revealed that the Alcian blue 8GX-AlS4Pc ion-pair complex fluorescent probe only responded to SDBS in the low-concentration range. Based on the new founding, this study proposed a novel principle and method of fluorescence enhancement to specifically measure the concentration of SDBS, thereby achieving a highly sensitive and highly specific determination of SDBS. Under the optimal conditions, the fluorescence intensity (If) of the system and the concentration of SDBS in the range of 1 × 10−7 – 1 × 10−5 mol/dm3 exhibited a good linear relationship. This method is highly sensitive, and the operation is simple and rapid. It had been applied for the quantitative analysis of SDBS in environmental water, while achieving satisfactory results compared with those of the standard method. This study developed a new application of the fluorescent phthalocyanine compounds used as molecular probes in analytical sciences.