Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 32(12), 1301 (2016).

Direct Determination of Cadmium in Seawater by Standard Addition ICP-QMS/QMS with an ORC
Yanbei ZHU* and Akihide ITOH**
*National Metrology Institute of Japan, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, 1-1-1 Umezono, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8563, Japan
**Department of Environmental Science, School of Life and Environmental Science, Azabu University, 1-17-71 Fuchinobe, Chuo, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 252-5201, Japan
A method for direct and precise determination of Cd in seawater by ICP-QMS/QMS was developed, where a high matrix introducing unit permitted the direct introduction of seawater without clogging the cones while the matrix effect of seawater was canceled by standard addition. NH3 gas was selected as the reaction gas for removing the MoO interferences with the measurement of Cd isotopes, effectively improving the signal to background ratio. The lower limit of detection obtained at 114Cd was 0.0002 ng mL–1, which is enough for the determination of Cd in natural seawater. The validity of the present method was confirmed by the analysis of two certified reference materials, i.e. NASS-5 and NASS-6, whose observed values of Cd concentration agreed with the certified values. The analytical figures of merit of the present method were comparable to or better than those reported for direct analysis of seawater.