Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 31(9), 875 (2015).

On-chip FRET Graphene Oxide Aptasensor: Quantitative Evaluation of Enhanced Sensitivity by Aptamer with a Double-stranded DNA Spacer
Yuko UENO, Kazuaki FURUKAWA, Andrew TIN, and Hiroki HIBINO
NTT Basic Research Laboratories, NTT Corp., 3-1 Morinosato Wakamiya, Atsugi, Kanagawa 243-0198, Japan
We propose a molecular design for a biomolecular probe to realize an on-chip graphene oxide (GO) aptasensor with enhanced sensitivity. Here, GO works as an excellent acceptor for fluorescence resonance energy transfer. We inserted a rigid double-stranded DNA as a spacer between the GO surface and the aptamer sequence to extend the distance between a fluorescence dye and the GO surface during molecular recognition. We examined the dependence of the sensitivity on the length of the spacer quantitatively by using a 2×2 linear-array aptasensor. We used the modified aptamer with 10 and 30 base pair (bp) double-stranded DNA spacers. The signal with a 30bp-spacer was about twice as strong that with a 10bp-spacer as regards both thrombin and prostate specific antigen detections. The improvement in the sensitivity was supported by a model calculation that estimated the effect of spacer length on fluorescence recovery efficiency.