Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 31(5), 445 (2015).

Quantitative Analysis of Chloramphenicol in Royal Jelly by Column-switching LC-MS/MS Using a Pretreatment Column with a Higher-pressure Capability
Shin-ichi KAWANO,*,** Yoshihiro HAYAKAWA,*** Yuki HASHI,** and Jin-Ming LIN*
*Department of Chemistry, Beijing Key Laboratory of Microanalytical Methods and Instrumentation, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, P. R. China
**Shimadzu Global COE for Application & Technical Development, Shimadzu (China) Co., Ltd., No. 570 West Huaihai Road, Shanghai 200052, P. R. China
***Global Applications Development Center, Shimadzu Corp., 1 Nishinokyo-Kuwabaracho, Nakagyo, Kyoto 604-8511, Japan
An on-line pretreatment liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) system was developed for the analysis of chloramphenicol (CAP) in royal jelly. A novel methylcellulose-immobilized restricted access media column with a higher-pressure capability of 60 MPa (MC-ODS HP) was developed for the effective removal of proteins and other compounds in the sample matrix. CAP in a sample solution was extracted in 2 min by the column-switching LC-MS/MS system. The system provides a minimum sample pretreatment along with highly sensitive and reproducible analysis. As a result, the limit of quantitation of CAP was 10 pg/mL (= 0.1 μg/kg royal jelly) and the linear dynamic range was between 10 and 10000 pg/mL (correlation coefficient greater than 0.999). The proposed method meets the requirements of regulations in EU (0.3 μg/kg). The inter-day precision and accuracy of CAP at 100 pg/mL over 3 days were 4.5 and 95.4%, respectively. Compared with the conventional method with a pressure of below 25 MPa, the peak separation in the MRM chromatogram was improved by using smaller particles (1.6 μm) for the analytical ODS column. The LC-MS/MS system with an MC-ODS HP expanded the applicability of the automated pretreatment.