Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 31(2), 73 (2015).

Silicon Nanowire Biosensor for Highly Sensitive and Multiplexed Detection of Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma Biomarkers in Saliva
Yulin ZHANG,* Rongmei CHEN,** Lu XU,* Yong NING,* Shenggao XIE,* and Guo-Jun ZHANG*
*School of Laboratory Medicine, Hubei University of Chinese Medicine, 1 Huangjia Lake West Road, Wuhan 430065, P. R. China
**Qianjiang Central Hospital, 22 Zhanghua Road, Qianjiang 433100, Hubei Province, P. R. China
Silicon nanowire (SiNW) field-effect transistor (FET) biosensors have already been used as powerful sensors for the direct detection of disease-related biomarkers. However, the multiplexed detection of biomarkers in real samples is still challenging. Interleukin 8 (IL-8) and tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) are two typical biomarkers of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). In this study, we developed a multiplexed detection methodology for IL-8 and TNF-α detection in saliva using SiNW FET biosensors. We fabricated the SiNW FET sensors using a top-down lithography fabrication technique. Subsequently, we achieved the multiplexed detection of two biomarkers in saliva by specific recognition of the two biomarkers with their corresponding antibodies, which were modified on the SiNW. The established method was found to have a limit of detection as low as 10 fg/mL in 1 × PBS as well as 100 fg/mL in artificial saliva. Because of its advantages, including label-free and multiplexed detection, non-invasive analysis, highly sensitive and specific determination, the proposed method is expected to be widely used for the early diagnosis of OSCC.