Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 30(9), 897 (2014).

Development of Highly Sensitive Amperometric Biosensor for Glucose Using Carbon Nanosphere/Sodium Alginate Composite Matrix for Enzyme Immobilization
En HAN, Xia LI, Jian-Rong CAI, Hai-Ying CUI, and Xing-Ai ZHANG
School of Food and Biological Engineering, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang 212013, P. R. China
In this study, we developed a highly sensitive amperometric biosensor for glucose detection based on glucose oxidase immobilized in a novel carbon nanosphere (CNS)/sodium alginate (SA) composite matrix. This hybrid material combined the advantages of CNS and natural biopolymer SA. This composite film was characterized by scanning electron microscope, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and UV-vis, which indicated that the hybrid material was suitable for immobilization of glucose oxidase. Various experimental conditions were investigated that influenced the performance of the biosensor, such as pH, applied potential and temperature. Under the optimum conditions, the biosensor showed excellent performance for glucose over a wide linear concentration range from 1.0 × 10−6 to 4.6 × 10−3 M with a detection limit of 0.5 μM based on a signal-to-noise ratio of 3. Furthermore, the biosensor exhibited excellent long-term stability and satisfactory reproducibility.