Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 30(10), 949 (2014).

2-Aminotryptanthrin Derivative with Pyrene as a FRET-based Fluorescent Chemosensor for Metal Ions
Jun KAWAKAMI,* Arisa SOMA,* Kenta KIKUCHI,* Yoh KIKUCHI,* Shunji ITO,* and Haruo KITAHARA**
*Graduate School of Science and Technology, Hirosaki University, 3 Bunkyo-cho, Hirosaki, Aomori 036-8561, Japan
**Department of Natural Science, Faculty of Education, Hirosaki University, 1 Bunkyo-cho, Hirosaki, Aomori 036-8560, Japan
1-(2-tryptanthrinylaminoacetoxy)-14-(1-pyrenecarboxy)-3,6,9,12-tetraoxatetradecane (T2NH-P5P) was synthesized as a fluorescent chemosensor for metal ions. We investigated the metal-ion recognition of T2NH-P5P by separately adding Mg2+, Ca2+, Ba2+, Fe2+, Fe3+, Co2+, Ni2+, Cu2+, Ag+, Zn2+, Cd2+, Hg2+, Al3+, and Pb2+ in an acetonitrile solution. When using excitation at 325 nm, which corresponds to the absorption of the pyrene unit of T2NH-P5P, emission at 600 nm, from the 2-aminotryptanthrin unit, was observed, indicating that intramolecular fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) occurs in T2NH-P5P (FRET-on). However, when Fe2+, Fe3+, Ni2+, Cu2+, Cd2+, Hg2+, and Al3+ were added to an acetonitrile solution of T2NH-P5P, the behavior changed from FRET-on to FRET-off, which means that the fluorescence of 2-aminotryptanthrin was quenched, whereas that of the pyrene group was revived (FRET-off). Especially, this behavior was remarkable for Fe2+, Fe3+, Cu2+, and Hg2+. T2NH-P5P is suitable for use as a fluorescent chemosensor for Fe2+, Fe3+, Cu2+, and Hg2+.