Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 30(1), 43 (2014).

Design of Analytical Systems Based on Functionality of Doped Ice
Tetsuo OKADA
Department of Chemistry, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Meguro, Tokyo 152-8551, Japan
Ice plays an important role for the circulations of some compounds in the global environment. Both the ice surface and the liquid phase developed in a frozen solution are involved in such reactions of the molecules of environmental importance. This leads to the idea that ice can be used to design novel analytical reaction systems. We devised ice chromatography, in which ice particles are used as the liquid chromatographic stationary phase, and have subsequently developed various analytical systems utilizing the functionality of ice. This review focuses our attention on the analytical facets of ice containing impurities such as salts; hereinafter, we call this “doped ice”. The design of novel separation systems and use as microreactors with doped ice are mainly discussed.