Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 28(1), 45 (2012).

Influence of Inhalation Anesthetics on Ion Transport across a Planar Bilayer Lipid Membrane
Kei HICHIRI, Osamu SHIRAI, and Kenji KANO
Division of Applied Life Science, Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University, Kitashirakawa Oiwake, Sakyo, Kyoto 606–8502, Japan
Ion transport from one aqueous phase (W1) to another (W2) across a planar bilayer lipid membrane (BLM) in the presence of inhalation anesthetics was electrochemically investigated. In the absence of inhalation anesthetics in the BLM system, no ion transport current flowed between W1 and W2 across the BLM. When inhalation anesthetics such as halothane, chloroform, diethyl ether and trichloroethylene were added to the two aqueous phases or the BLM, the ion transport current quite clearly appeared. When the ratio of the concentration of KCl or NaCl in W1 to that in W2 was varied, the zero current potential across the BLM was shifted. By considering the magnitude of the potential shift, we concluded that the ion transport current can be predominantly ascribed to the transport of Cl across the BLM. Since the dielectric constants of these anesthetics are larger than that of the inner hydrophobic domain of the BLM, the concentration of hydrophilic electrolyte ions in the BLM increases with the increase in the dielectric constant of the inner hydrophobic domain caused by addition of these anesthetics. These situations lead to an increase in the ion permeability coefficient.