Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 27(12), 1223 (2011).

Electrochemical Determination of Nitrite and Iodate Based on Pt Nanoparticles Self-assembled on a Chitosan Modified Glassy Carbon Electrode
Yongxin LI,* Yuan ZHOU,* Hongying XIAN,* Lun WANG,* and Jianqiang HUO**
*Anhui Key Laboratory of Chemo-Biosensing, College of Chemistry and Materials Science, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241000, P. R. China
**Department of Chemistry, University of Wyoming, Laramie, WY 82071, USA
A promising electrochemical sensor was fabricated by the self-assembling of Pt nanoparticles (nano-Pts) on a chitosan (CS) modified glassy carbon electrode (GCE). A field-emission scanning electron microscope (FE-SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and electrochemical techniques were used for characterization of these composites. It has been found that nano-Pts are inserted into the CS layer uniformly, and have a larger surface area compared to the chitosan modified glassy carbon electrode. Electrocatalytic experiments for the oxidation of nitrite and the reduction of iodate have shown that nano-Pts/CS/GCE can decrease the over-potential and increase the faradic current, which can be used for the sensitive determination of nitrite and iodate. Moreover, the prepared modified electrode exhibits good reproducibility and stability, and it is possible that this novel electrochemical sensor can be applied in the sensing and/or biosensing field.