Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 27(12), 1191 (2011).

Instrumentation of a PLC-Regulated Temperature Cycler with a PID Control Unit and Its Use for Miniaturized PCR Systems with Reduced Volumes of Aqueous Sample Droplets Isolated in Oil Phase in a Microwell
Masahiko HASHIMOTO, Masayuki TORII, Kazuma YOSHIDA, Keiichi NODA, and Kazuhiko TSUKAGOSHI
Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Doshisha University, Kyotanabe, Kyoto 610-0321, Japan
We have developed a temperature cycler for polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in a microwell fabricated on a polymer/glass chip. The entire system consisted of three subsystems, which included (1) a thermal conditioner, (2) a proportional-integral-derivative (PID) control signal conditioner and (3) a data acquisition subsystem. The subsystems were regulated coordinately by a ladder logic program written for the programmable logic control (PLC) so that an actual sample temperature could be timed, changed and maintained according to the programmed temperature cycles. The present temperature control system showed high accuracy, stability and minimum overshoot with reduced heating and cooling transition rates. Applicability of the temperature controller to the miniaturized PCR system with reduced volumes of aqueous sample droplets isolated in an oil phase was confirmed by successful amplifications of a target DNA sequence in the microwell.