Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 26(2), 223 (2010).

Analysis of Ultra-Thin HfO2/SiON/Si(001): Comparison of Three Different Techniques
Kenji KIMURA,* Kaoru NAKAJIMA,* Thierry CONARD,** Wilfried VANDERVORST,** Andreas BERGMAIER,*** and Günther DOLLINGER***
*Department of Micro Engineering, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8501, Japan
**IMEC, Kapeldreef 75, 3001 Leuven, Belgium
***Institut für Angewandte Physik und Messtechnik, Universität de Bundeswehr München, Werner-Heisenberg-Weg 39, D-85577 Neubiberg, Germany
Composition depth profiling of HfO2 (2.5 nm)/SiON (1.6 nm)/Si(001) was performed by three diffetent analytical techniques: high-resolution Rutherford backscattering spectroscopy (HRBS), angle-resolved X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (AR-XPS) and high-resolution elastic recoil detection (HR-ERD). By comparing these results we found the following: (1) HRBS generally provides accurate depth profiles. However, care must be taken in backgroud subtraction for depth profiling of light elements. (2) In the standard AR-XPS analysis, a simple exponential formula is often used to calculate the photoelectron escape probability. This simple formula, however, cannot be used for the precise depth profiling. (2) Although HR-ERD is the most reliable technique for the depth profiling of light elements, it may suffer from multiple scattering, which deteriorates the depth resolution, and also may cause a large background.