Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 25(2), 261 (2009).

Application of Gold Nanoparticles to Spectrophotometric Sensing of Hydrophilic Anions Based on Molecular Recognition by Urea Derivative
Shinpei KADO, Ayumi FURUI, Yu AKIYAMA, Yoshio NAKAHARA, and Keiichi KIMURA
Department of Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Systems Engineering, Wakayama University, 930 Sakae-dani, Wakayama 640-8510, Japan
We have prepared gold nanoparticles (GNPs) modified with a thiol compound that possesses a phenylurea moiety for the spectrophotometric sensing of hydrophilic anions, such as dihydrogen phosphate, based on changes in the surface plasmon absorption of the GNP. We examined the spectral change of phenylurea-modified GNP in dichloromethane upon the addition of various anions as tetrabutylammonium salts to the solution. The GNP showed increasing plasmon intensity with the concentration of dihydrogen phosphate. For a control experiment with an inactive hexanethiolate-modified GNP, such an ion-selective change in the plasmon band was not observed. Furthermore, in order to realize the spectrophotometric detection of hydrophilic anions in water using GNP with the urea functionality, we attempted to prepare bifunctional GNP modified with both the phenylurea derivative and a water-soluble thiol (e.g., L-cysteine). The resulting bifunctional GNP showed anion-selective changes in the plasmon band accompanied by increasing absorbance at a longer wavelength due to GNPs aggregation.