Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 24(10), 1305 (2008).

Local Structures of Water in 1-Butyl-3-methylimidazolium Tetrafluoroborate Probed by High-Pressure Infrared Spectroscopy
Hai-Chou CHANG,*1 Jyh-Chiang JIANG,*2 You-Chang LIOU,*1 Chao-Hsin HUNG,*1 Ting-Yun LAI,*1 and Sheng Hsien LIN*3,*4
*1 Department of Chemistry, National Dong Hwa University, Shoufeng, Hualien 974, Taiwan
*2 Department of Chemical Engineering, National Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Taipei 106, Taiwan
*3 Institute of Atomic and Molecular Sciences, Academia Sinica, P. O. Box 23-166, Taipei 106, Taiwan
*4 Department of Applied Chemistry, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu 30010, Taiwan
We have investigated the aggregation behaviors of water molecules in 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate/water mixtures using high-pressure methods. Under ambient pressure, the IR spectra indicate that two types of O-H species: free O-H and bonded O-H, existing in ionic liquid/water mixtures. As samples were compressed, a continuous loss of the free O-H band intensity was observed. This observation may have arisen from changes in the local structures of water molecules, and the geometrical properties of the hydrogen-bond network are likely to be perturbed as the pressure is elevated. A complementary insight of the O-H spectral features is obtained by measuring the concentration-dependent variation in the mid-infrared spectra under high pressure. A sharp O-H stretching band was observed in a diluted mixture corresponding to the high order in an ice VII-like structure. Nevertheless, a very broad O-H feature was measured in a concentrated mixture, which may be attributed to the presence of more than one stable cluster.