Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 24(1), 155 (2008).

Fundamental Studies on Electrokinetic Chromatography with PEGylated Phospholipid Micelles
Fumihiko KITAGAWA,* Takayuki HASEGAWA,* Hiromi TAJI,** Satomi ONOUE,*** Yoshiko TSUDA,** and Koji OTSUKA*
*Department of Material Chemistry, Graduate School of Engineering, Kyoto University, Katsura, Nishikyo, Kyoto 615-8510, Japan
**Nagoya Laboratories, Pfizer Japan Inc., 5-2 Taketoyo, Aichi 470-2393, Japan
***School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Shizuoka, 52-1 Yada, Suruga, Shizuoka 422-8526, Japan
In this study, micelles prepared from distearoylphosphatidylethanolamine with covalently attached poly(ethylene) glycol) (PEG) of molecular weight 2000 (DSPE-PEG-2000) were employed in micellar electrokinetic chromatography (MEKC) as pseudostationary phases. Since DSPE-PEG-2000 contains long hydrophobic alkyl chains, an anionic phosphate group, and hydrophilic PEG chains, the prepared micelles are expected to provide a characteristic retention behavior for both neutral and ionic compounds. As a typical example, a baseline separation of phenol and 2-naphthol was successfully achieved by using the DSPE-PEG-2000 micelles as a background electrolyte for MEKC; such success clearly shows that the micelles can retain electrically neutral compounds. The MEKC separations of anionic and cationic compounds with a DSPE-PEG-2000 micellar solution and the enantioseparation of binaphthyl compounds with mixed micelles containing bile salt are also discussed.