Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 22(9), 1233 (2006).

Sequential Injection Analysis for Cr(VI) and Cr(III) with Renewable Surface Reflection Spectrophotometry
Jianya WANG and Bin XUE
School of Petrochemical Engineering, Shenyang University of Technology, Box 33, Xueyuan Road No. 30, Liaoyang, 111003, P. R. China
On the basis of the chromogenic reaction of chromium(VI) with 1,5-diphenylcarbohydrazide (DPC) on the surface of Polysorb C-18 beads and the sequential injection renewable surface technique (SI-RST), a highly sensitive reflect spectrophotometric method for the determination of chromium(III) and chromium(VI) was proposed. Considerations of system and flow cell design, and factors that influence the determination performance were discussed. With 300 µl of sample loaded and 0.6 mg of beads trapped, the linear response range was 0.02 - 0.5 mg l-1 Cr(VI) with a detection limit (3 σ) of 2.4 µg l-1 Cr(VI). The method achieves a precision of 1.3% RSD (n = 11) and a throughput of 53 samples per hour. The determination of Cr(III) was based on the same reaction for the determination of Cr(VI) after being oxidized by (NH4)2S2O8. The precision of the oxidation method was evaluated using a 0.2 mg l-1 Cr(III) standard, yielding an RSD of 2.5% (n = 11). The average recovery of Cr(III) oxidized was tested to be 99.1%. The proposed method was used in the simultaneous determination of Cr(VI) and Cr(III) in water samples, and the error was less than 3%.