Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 22(9), 1169 (2006).

Solvent Sublation and Spectrometric Determination of Iron(II) and Total Iron Using 3-(2-Pyridyl)-5,6-bis(4-phenylsulfonic acid)-1,2,4-triazine and Tetrabutylammonium Bromide
Magda Ali AKL,* Yoshihito MORI,** and Kiyoshi SAWADA***
*Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Mansoura University, 35516, P. O. Box 70, Mansoura, Egypt
**Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Ochanomizu University, Japan
***Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Niigata University, Niigata, Japan
Solvent sublation has been studied for the separation and determination of trace iron(II) in various kinds of water samples. A strongly magenta-colored anionic [Fe(FZ)3]4- complex was formed at pH 5.0 upon adding 3-(2-pyridyl)-5,6-bis(4-phenylsulfonic acid)-1,2,4-triazine (ferrozine, FZ) to the sample solution. Tetrabutylammonium bromide (TBAB) was added in the solution to form the (TBA)4[Fe(FZ)3] ion pair, and an oleic acid (HOL) surfactant was added. Then, the (TBA)4[Fe(FZ)3] ion pairs were floated by vigorous shaking in the flotation cell and extracted into methyl isobutyl ketone (MIBK) on the surface of the aqueous solution. The iron collected in the MIBK layer was measured directly by spectrophotometry and/or flame atomic-absorption spectrophotometry. Different experimental variables that may affect the sublation efficiency were thoroughly investigated. The molar absorptivity of the (TBA)4[Fe(FZ)3] ion pair was 2.8 × 104 l mol-1 cm-1 in the aqueous layer. Beer's law held up to 1.0 mg l-1 Fe(II) in the aqueous as well as in the organic layers. The adopted solvent sublation method was successfully applied for the determination of Fe(II) in natural water samples with a preconcentration factor of 200. The application was extended to determine iron in pharmaceutical samples.