Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 22(12), 1577 (2006).

Adsorptive Voltammetry of 2-(5-Bromo-2-pyridyl)azo-5-[N-n-propyl-N-(3-sulfopropyl)amino]phenol on a Carbon Paste Electrode in the Presence of Organic Cations and Polycation
Toshiaki HATTORI,* Naoko TSURUMI,* Ryo KATO,** and Masanori NAKAYAMA*
*Department of Materials Science, Toyohashi University of Technology, Toyohashi 441-8580, Japan
**Cooperative Research Facility Center, Toyohashi University of Technology, Toyohashi 441-8580, Japan
The adsorption of ion-association complexes on a carbon paste electrode (CPE) was investigated by cyclic voltammetry using an electroactive hydrophobic anion probe. The redox reactions of 2-(5-bromo-2-pyridyl)azo-5-[N-n-propyl-N-(3-sulfopropyl)amino]phenol (5-Br-PAPS), the analytical probe, were irreversible. The reduction of the azo group and the oxidation of the phenol were observed at -0.1 V and 0.9 V vs. SCE, respectively, in a 0.1 mol L-1 H2SO4 solution. The peak currents for the redox reaction increased with the concentration of the cationic surfactant and the accumulation time. The increase in the ratio of the peak current to the concentration of cationic surfactants was proportional to the hydrophobicity. The peak current for 5-Br-PAPS also increased when a polycation, polyhexamethylene biguanide hydrochloride, was added and was strongly dependent on the ionic strength and pH, in contrast to cationic surfactants.