Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 21(7), 839 (2005).

Investigation of Individual Micrometer-Size Kosa Particle with On-Site Combination of Electron Microscope and Synchrotron X-Ray Microscope
Yoichi TANAKA,* Yuji TANIGUCHI,* Daisaku TANAKA,* Masatoshi TOYODA,* Hideshi ISHII,* Teruo TANABE,* Yasuko TERADA,** Shinjiro HAYAKAWA,*** and Jun KAWAI*
*Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Kyoto University, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8501, Japan
**JASRI, Spring-8, 1-1-1 Kouto, Mikazuki, Sayo-gun, Hyogo 679-5148, Japan
***Department of Applied Chemistry, Hiroshima University, Higashi-Hiroshima 739-8257, Japan
The Kosa (yellow sand) aerosol affects the global environment as well as human health because it migrates from the interior of China to other areas, absorbing various atmospheric elements. Investigation into individual Kosa aerosol particles, which are submicroscopic to several tens of micrometers in diameter, is required to resolving the issue. We installed a scanning electron microscope (SEM) equipped with an energy dispersive X-ray spectrometer (EDX) on a synchrotron radiation (SR) beam line and introduced the SR beam into the SEM chamber for combinatorial application of SEM-EDX and SR X-ray fluorescence (SR-XRF) spectrometry to individual particles. It should be noted that detailed topographic observation by SEM and sensitive elemental analysis by SR-XRF, both crucial for individual particle measurement but which previously had to be carried out separately, were jointly performed inside the SEM chamber in this setup. Here, we show that SR-XRF results, in conjunction with SEM images, contributed toward resolving individual particle dispositions. Atmospheric sulfur primarily adheres to calcium in the aerosol particles and the particle surface roughens as a consequence of the chemical reaction between the two elements.