Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 21(7), 733 (2005).

Radiative Auger Effect and Extended X-Ray Emission Fine Structure (EXEFS)
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Kyoto University, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8501, Japan
Radiative Auger spectra are weak X-ray emission spectra near the characteristic X-ray lines. Radiative Auger process is an intrinsic energy-loss process in an atom when a characteristic X-ray photon is emitted, due to an atomic many-body effect. The energy loss spectra correspond to the unoccupied conduction band structure of materials. Therefore the radiative Auger effect is an alternative tool to the X-ray absorption spectroscopy such as EXAFS (Extended X-ray Absorption Fine Structure) and XANES (X-ray Absorption Near Edge Structure), and thus it is named EXEFS (Extended X-ray Emission Fine Structure). By the use of a commercially available X-ray fluorescence spectrometer or an electron probe microanalyzer (EPMA), which are frequently used in materials industries, we can obtain an EXEFS spectrum within 20 min. The radiative Auger effect, as an example, demonstrates that the study on atomic many-body effects has become a powerful tool for crystal and electronic structure characterizations. The EXEFS method has already been used in many industries in Japan. Reviews about the applications and basic study results on the radiative Auger effect are reported in this paper.