Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 21(1), 67 (2005).

Chiral Separation of NBD-Amino Acids by Ligand-Exchange Micro-Channel Electrophoresis
Hizuru NAKAJIMA, Katsuhiko KAWATA, Hui SHEN, Tatsuro NAKAGAMA, and Katsumi UCHIYAMA
Department of Applied Chemistry, Graduate School of Engineering, Tokyo Metropolitan University, 1-1 Minamiohsawa, Hachioji, Tokyo 192-0397, Japan
The chiral separation of amino acid derivatives by ligand-exchange electrophoresis in a microchannel chip was performed for the first time. A Cu(II) complex with L-prolinamide was used as a chiral selector. The migration behaviors of eleven NBD-DL-amino acids were investigated by ligand-exchange capillary electrophoresis (LE-CE). The enantiomer of five NBD-amino acids (Ser, Thr, Val, Phe and His) could be separated by LE-CE using a 20 mM ammonium acetate buffer (pH 9.0) containing 10 mM copper acetate, 20 mM L-prolinamide and 1 mM SDS. NBD-His was eluted in the order D-form and L-form, while the elution order of another enantiomers was L-form and D-form. Under this condition, the enantioseparation of these five NBD-amino acids by ligand-exchange microchip electrophoresis (LE-ME) was investigated using a glass microchip. The enantioseparation of NBD-Ser, -Thr and -His could be successfully accomplished by LE-ME. LE-ME was superior to LE-CE in terms of the short migration time and a good enantiomeric separation.