Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 20(1), 153 (2004).

Determination of Hydroxyl Radical Photoproduction Rates in Natural Waters
Kazuhiko TAKEDA,*  Hiroshi TAKEDOI,* Shuhei YAMAJI,* Keiichi OHTA,** and Hiroshi SAKUGAWA*
*Graduate School of Biosphere Science, Hiroshima University, Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima, Hiroshima 737-0131, Japan
**School of Environmental Science, University of Shiga Prefecture, Yasaka-cho, Hikone, Shiga 522-8533, Japan
The photochemical formation rates of hydroxyl radicals (OH radicals) in river water and seawater were determined by a simple, rapid and sensitive benzene probe method, in which phenol formed by the reaction between benzene and photochemically-generated OH radicals was analyzed by on-line preconcentration HPLC. The OH radical formation rates from well-known OH radical sources, such as nitrate, nitrite and hydrogen peroxide, were in good agreement with those reported previously. River water samples containing high concentrations of nitrate and nitrite were found to show high OH radical formation rates. Ten to 80% of the OH radical formation in river water and seawater was due to the photolysis of nitrate and nitrite, but OH radical formation from hydrogen peroxide was negligible. The OH radical formation from unknown sources other than nitrate, nitrite and hydrogen peroxide was strongly correlated to the amount of fluorescent matter.