Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 20(1), 125 (2004).

Ion Chromatographic Determination of Ammonia in Air Using a Sampling Tube of Porous Carbon
Takashi ASADA,* Kikuo OIKAWA,**  Kuniaki KAWATA,** Tsutomu IYOBE,** and Akifumi YAMADA*
*Nagaoka University of Technology, 1603-1 Kamitomioka-cho, Nagaoka, Niigata 940-2188, Japan
**Department of Environmental and Safety Sciences, Faculty of Applied Life Sciences, Niigata University of Pharmacy and Applied Life Sciences, 265-1 Higashijima, Niitsu, Niigata 956-0841, Japan
The ion chromatographic determination of ammonia in air using a sampling tube of porous carbon carbonized at 500°C was examined. When the mean recovery and the reproducibility for a series of five determinations were examined for 1 and 10 ppm ammonia gases, the mean recovery (n = 5) and the relative standard deviation were 97.0% and 3.5% for 1 ppm and 86.9% and 2.8% for 10 ppm, respectively. Furthermore, the recovery from 10 ppm ammonia gas increased with an increase in the extraction time, and a recovery of 99.7% was obtained for 180 min of extraction time. The mean collection efficiency for 1 and 10 ppm ammonia gas was 102.5% and 96.5%, respectively. The relation between the sampling volume and the peak area was linear, and the linearity was 0.999 of the correlation coefficient. The ammonia gas concentration in an actual goat shed could be determined by this sampling device for a sampling volume of 5 L at a flow rate of 1 L/min; 0.79 ppm of the determination value practically agreed as compare with 0.78 ppm from collection by a boric acid solution.