Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 19(3), 405 (2003).

Solid-Liquid Extraction and Preconcentration of Trace Nickel Using 2-Nitroso-1-naphthol-4-sulfonic Acid (Nitroso-S) and TDBA onto Benzophenone and Determination by Atomic Absorption Spectrometry
Mohammad Ali TAHER  and Mahboobeh SHAMSI
Department of Chemistry, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran
Nickel was quantitatively retained by 2-nitroso-1-naphthol-4-sulfonic acid (Nitroso-S) and tetradecyldimethylbenzylammonium chloride (TDBA Cl) onto benzophenone in the pH range 5.0 - 6.0 from large volumes of aqueous solutions of various samples. After filtration, each solid mass consisting of a nickel complex and benzophenone was dissolved with 5 ml of dimethylformamide (DMF) and the metal was determined by atomic absorption spectrometry (AAS). About 0.6 ug of nickel could be concentrated from 200 ml of an aqueous sample, where its concentration was as low as 3.0 ng/ml. Eight replicate determinations of 2.5 ug/ml of nickel in the final DMF solution gave a mean absorbance of 0.112 with a relative standard deviation of 1.9%. The sensitivity for 1% absorption was 98 ng/ml. The interference of a number of anions and cations was studied and the developed optimized conditions were utilized for the trace determination of nickel in various alloys and biological samples.