Analytical Sciences

Abstract − Analytical Sciences, 19(2), 281 (2003).

Spectroscopic Analytical Study for the Charge-Transfer Complexation of Certain Cephalosporins with Chloranilic Acid
Gamal A. SALEH,*  Hassan F. ASKAL,* Ibrahim A. DARWISH,* and Abdel-Nasser A. EL-SHORBAGI**
*Department of Pharmaceutical Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Assiut University, Assiut 71526, Egypt
**Department of Pharmaceutical Organic Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Assiut University, Assiut 71526, Egypt
Studies were carried out to develop a simple, rapid and accurate spectrophotometric method for the analysis of fifteen cephalosporins. The method depends on the charge-transfer complexation reaction between any of these drugs as an nelectron donor and p-chloranilic acid (p-CA) as a pi-acceptor to form a violet chromogen measured at 520 nm. Different variables affecting the reaction were studied and optimized. Under the optimum conditions, linear relationships with good correlation coefficients (0.9986 - 0.9996) were found between the absorbances and the concentrations of the studied drugs in the range of 4 - 1200 ug ml-1. The limits of assay detection ranged from 2.54 to 42.83 ug ml-1. The accuracy and precision of the method were satisfactory. The method was successfully applied to an analysis of the studied drugs in their pharmaceutical formulations; the recovery percentages ranged from 96.76 ± 0.87% to 100.50 ± 1.30%. The interaction sites were confirmed by UV/VIS, IR, 1H-NMR techniques. Molecular modeling for the interaction was used for deriving an equation for calculating the epsilon value for a particular drug. This equation gave a perfect prediction for the degree of interaction of the investigated drugs with the p-CA reagent.